You don’t belong to planet Earth if you have not heard about the legend called Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore. One of the greatest poets/writers/artists, Gurudev has a special place in every art lover’s heart everywhere in the world. Writer, poet, painter, philosopher and nationalist are just a few hats he adorned gracefully. The first Asian to win a Nobel Prize, Tagore also had strong views about the country’s independence during the British rule. Though it is impossible to describe his contribution to the world in a few words, here are 7 facts that demonstrated his prominence.
- Gurudev had composed the national anthem of three countries: India(Jana Gana Mana), Bangladesh(Amar Sonar Bangla) and Sri Lanka(Nama Nama Sri Lanka Mata).
- He had been conferred with knighthood (title “Sir”) by the British government in 1915 which he returned after the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre in 1919.
- In 1921, Tagore established the Visva Bharati University in Shanti Niketan to impart education differently than the traditional method. He shunned classroom methods and encouraged free thought. The university attained the status of Central university in 1951.
- Gurudev received the Nobel Prize in 1913 after the famous it Gitanjali – a collection of poems was published. He was the first non-European to receive the prize.
- He has written numerous novels, poems, plays, short stories, dance dramas and memoirs. While he wrote prominently in Bangla, his work has been translated in various languages across the world.
- Tagore wrote his first poem at the age of 8. However, the poems were published under the pen name “BhanuSingh” during the initial years in various magazines.
- He openly criticized the Swadeshi movement and often criticized Gandhi’s views about the nationalism and independence movement.
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